It’s really easy to prepare food right now; you just pull it out of the fridge or the freezer and toss the food in the microwave or skillet. Easy peasy. You have electricity for keeping your food cold, gas or electricity for cooking it, a car to get you to the store and a store to drive to if you need to buy more food. No real skills necessary.
But what if all of that went away?
There are some skills that you need to learn now for making food for survival just in case SHTF. Your methods of preservation and cooking, and even preparing daily meals will change drastically and if you’re caught unaware, you’re going to be in a world of hurt fairly quickly.
This is probably one of the easiest skills to learn though it’s time consuming and requires specialized equipment. Properly canned food will last for years – there are records of food that’s been eaten 15 years after it was preserved, and likely there have been even longer periods.
The basic concept of canning is two-fold. Heat, along with salt or vinegar are typically used as a bacterial preservative, then the canning process seals the “sterile” food into the jar so that bacteria and air can’t reach the food to instigate the spoiling process. Of course, you’re not going to add salt or vinegar to your jellies or fruits, but they’re typically used for vegetable and meat preservation.
Though you’ll can inside on a stove today, you can also do it over an open flame if needed but it will take a TON of firewood so it’s better to can it now and have it in your stockpile if you’re planning to bug in.
Some tips for canning:
Choose fruits and vegetables that are at the peak of ripeness. You don’t want any bruising or bad spots, either.
For meats and low-acid fruits and vegetables, you MUST use a pressure canner to avoid the risk of botulism. This is a wicked bacteria that affects your central nervous system. If your canned food has any bubbles in it when you look at the jar or when you open it, or if the contents blow out of the jar when you open it, DO NOT EAT IT unless you want to put yourself in a world of hurt.
Make sure that all of your equipment is thoroughly clean and free of damage. No chips, cracks or bends. Otherwise, your food won’t seal properly and you’re just wasting it.
Dehydrating food has been used as a preservation method for eons. The concept is simple; remove the moisture from the food to inhibit the growth of microorganisms that cause spoilage. They can’t grow as rapidly without water but dehydrated food still spoils. It just spoils slower.
Still, dehydrated foods are lightweight and will last plenty long enough to get you through a couple of weeks without food. Some people actually combine the canning and dehydrating processes. Once they dehydrate the meat, vegetables or fruit, they then can them.
If you think about it, this is a really good idea because if SHTF, you can unseal the dehydrated food, stash it in your pack and run with it. You’ve preserved the dehydrated food so that it can later be used as a light, nutritious survival food later.
Now, we have food dehydrators but to dehydrate food in a survival situation, you can simply hang the food over a fire for several hours or even use the sun if you live in a hot enough location.
If you’re just drying herbs, you only need to hang them from a rope or string and let them dry. The same thing goes for peppers and other vegetables.
The time may come when we go back to trading agricultural products, or maybe you just have enough property to grow your own grains. In any case, you’ll need to know how to grind your own grains. You can get small hand-cranked mills or, if you only need a very small amount of something you can use a mortar and pestle.
Because home-milled flour still contains the natural oils in the seeds or nuts that you’ve used, you need to use the flour up fairly quickly because it will go rancid. It’s best to just grind what you need for a few days or a week and leave the rest in seed or nut form.
How are you going to measure food if you don’t have measuring cups or spoons? Easy – use your hand! These measurements are, of course, rough but they’re much better than nothing. 1 cup is about the size of your fist. Your loosely cupped hand holds between 1 and 2 ounces of dried goods.
Your cupped palm holds about 1/4 cup. A dime-sized pile of salt in the well of your cupped hand is about 1/4 teaspoon, a nickel-sized mound is about 1/2 teaspoon and a quarter-sized pile is about 1 teaspoon.
Liquids can be a bit trickier; it’s best at this point to use percentages versus measurements until you can adapt your new life to a new measuring device. Of course, you can always use something that you know the measurement of such as a gallon jug, a 16oz glass or a 20oz water bottle.
The thing to remember when guessing at measurements is that it’s always possible to add more; it’s not usually so easy to remove something once it’s added.
What to Beware when Making Food for Survival
- Don’t take short cuts, and use only clean water. Foodborne illness is not something that you want to deal with when you may not have access to medications or hospitals.
- Clean your area thoroughly if you’re cooking in a survival situation. Use bleach, especially when cleaning up after using meat.
- Always wash your hands before you begin cooking and between handling raw meat and any other food product.
- Use the reusable canning lids. That way, you’ll be able to continue canning food even if you don’t have access to a store to buy more lids.
Cooking and preserving food is going to be much more complicated if SHTF and you don’t have access to electric, gas, stores and modern conveniences. Your main priority is going to be sanitation because you don’t want to make yourself or your family sick.
After that, many of the processes are going to be the same; you’re just going to need to use different methods.
I’m sure that I’ve missed some important skills needed to make food for survival, so please share your tips and advice in the comments section below!
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This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia.
About Theresa Crouse
Theresa Crouse is a full-time writer currently living in central Florida. She was born and raised in the hills of West Virginia, where she learned to farm, hunt, fish, and live off the land from an early age. She prefers to live off the grid as much as possible and does her best to follow the “leave nothing behind but footprints” philosophy. For fun, she enjoys shooting, kayaking, tinkering on her car and motorcycle, and just about anything else that involves water, going fast, or the outdoors. You can send Theresa a message at editor [at] survivopedia.com.